Differentiating mentoring, coaching and counselling

Mentoring

A formalised, yet comfortable relationship where a proficient person imparts knowledge, shares experience and advises a mentee on professional and personal development. ( Brian Jensen)

Coaching

An arrangement where a skilled, knowledgeable person imparts techniques, secrets, know-how and feedback to another to enable him or her to achieve better performance levels. ( Brian Jensen)

Counselling

Counselling is the skilled and principled use of relationship to facilitate self-knowledge, emotional acceptance and growth and the optimal development of personal resources. The overall aim is to provide an opportunity to work towards living a more satisfying and resourceful life. Counselling relationships will vary according to need, but may be concerned with developmental issues, addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with a crisis, developing personal insights and knowledge, working through feelings of inner conflict or improving relationships with others.

The counsellor’s role is to facilitate the client’s work in ways that respect the client’s values, personal resources and capacity for self-determination.  (British Association for Counselling)

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